Located in Milan, the hospital was created in 1962 and became the first dedicated orthopedic center of the Lombardy region; in 2001 it achieved the recognition of I.R.C.C.S. (Center for high specialty and research) from the Italian National Health System. Currently the Hospital has grown into a multi-specialty center extending over 35,000 sq metres, with 364 beds dedicated to acute care, 14 operating rooms and several outpatient departments. The center has 20 different functional units dedicated to Orthopedics, Traumatology and Joint replacement.
Located in Milan, the hospital was created in 1962 and became the first dedicated orthopedic center of the Lombardy region; in 2001 it achieved the recognition of I.R.C.C.S. (Center for high specialty and research) from the Italian National Health System. Currently the Hospital has grown into a multi-specialty center extending over 35,000 sq metres, with 364 beds dedicated to acute care, 14 operating rooms and several outpatient departments. The center has 20 different functional units dedicated to Orthopedics, Traumatology and Sports medicine rehabilitation. Galeazzi Hospital offers inpatient and outpatient procedures, and whenever possible, minimally-invasive techniques such as arthroscopy are utilized.
The center has 20 different functional units dedicated to Orthopedics, Traumatology and Joint replacement, each with a specific area of sub-specialty both in terms of technique (e.g. arthroscopy, prosthetics, open surgery) and districts of the body (e.g. hand, foot, knee, hip, etc..). In addition to orthopedics, which represents its main area of focus, Galeazzi has added over the years a number of other clinical specialties to offer a true multidisciplinary approach to its patients, with specialties such as:
- Rehabilitation (four units, including one fully dedicated unit for sports rehabilitation)
- Maxillo-facial surgery
- Plastic and reconstructive surgery
- Regenerative medicine
- Neurosurgery (including functional neurosurgery for the treatment of movement disorders)
- Vascular surgery
- General Medicine
- Intensive care
In addition to its clinical units the Galeazzi Institute can count of a number of additional assets such as an Emergency Department, several laboratories dedicated to research on connective tissues and regeneration, a blood transfusion center supporting the most modern techniques on blood recovery and self-transfusion, a teaching center, a laboratory for the study of patient’s motion and a center for the production and adaptation of orthopedic prosthetics and joint replacement.
The Galeazzi Institute is a teaching center for the University of Milan, for the faculties of Medicine and Surgery and Bioengineering, and it hosts graduate and post-graduate (residency) trainees. It is a member of the International Society of Orthopaedic Centers, Ltd. (ISOC- www.isocweb.org ) a society aiming to facilitate the exchange of ideas and best practices among the premier specialty orthopaedic institutions in the world and to collaborate on patient care, education, and research-based programs to advance improvements in orthopaedic care on a global scale.
Credentials in Sport Medicine
The Galeazzi Orthopedic institute is by far the best center in Italy for Sports Medicine, and among the the most renowned in Europe. It is the referring physicians and chosen providers of medical services for A.C. Milan, F.C. Inter Milan and many other first-division soccer clubs, the Italian Ski Team and Winter Sports Federation, the Italian Rugby Federation, the Italian Volleyball Federation, the Italian Ice Sports Federation, the Italian Motorboat Federation, and other sports clubs.
Over the last 15 years the Galeazzi orthopedic Institute has treated and provided rehabilitation to more top athletes than any other center in Italy and possibly in Europe.
Sports Traumatology and Arthroscopic Surgery
The CTS ( Center of Sport Traumatology and Arthroscopic Surgery) is highly specialized in the reconstruction of ligaments and in the treatment of the cartilage of the knee, ankle and shoulder. Our Center operates in the field of all Sports especially Soccer, Winter Sports (ski,snowboard,freestyle,cross country,bob, and luge), Rugby and hockey.
In fact we are medically responsible for the Italian Ski team since 1980; we are orthopedic consultants for the A.C. Milan Soccer Team, for the Inter Milan Soccer Team, the Italian Rugby National Team and several first-division Italian soccer teams. In the last 15 Years our Center performed surgery on more top athletes than any other Center in Italy.
CTS performs between 1.200 and 1.500 surgeries every Year and among them at least 600 are anterior cruciate ligaments reconstructions. Our Department in the Galeazzi Hospital counts 20 surgical beds.
Technology and Research
Inside the Research Department of The Galeazzi Institute a very special section has been created specifically to study trauma in Sport. This section is focused and specialized in
- the research of reproduction of cartilage both in clinical and experimental way
- the epidemiology of sport trauma
- occurrence of trauma in professional Sport disciplines .
The CTS has 7 consultant surgeons and 4 resident surgeons.
The Rehabilitation Unit is a Department dedicated to the functional recovery of surgical patients coming from several Orthopaedic Surgical Divisions at Galeazzi Institute.
The Department is higly focused in taking care of patients that undergo elective as well as emergency orthopaedic surgery.
Our rehabilitation specialists provide a broad spectrum of treatment approaches in order to meet all of the needs of our patients. The Rehabilitation Unit encompasses 3 highly specialized Rehabilitation Centers:
- The Rehabilitation Center
- The Center for Sports Rehabilitation
- The Clinical Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Center (RSOC)
The Rehabilitation I Center counts 30 bed for surgical inpatients, while The Clinical Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Center counts 35 bed even for surgical inpatients
The two Centers are highly specialized in the treatment of patiens operated by total hip and knee arthroplasty and by unicompartimental knee arthroplasty. Up to 1800 patients are currently rehabilitated per year at the two Centers witha very high rate of success in functional recovery and a very low rate of post-operative complications.
The Center for Sports Rehabilitation ensures functional recovery of the sports patient involved in sports activities, after surgery of the musculoskeletal system or in case of overload and traumatic injuries. Goals are obtained through assessment, medical treatment and rehabilitation paths. Advanced orthopedic, neuromotor and manual rehabilitation techniques are applied to obtain the best functional result.The main issues treated are rehabilitation following ligaments and cartilage surgery, tendinopathies, muscle injuries and joints sprains. The use since the late 90s of ultrasound-guided shock wave therapy and isokinetic dinamometry ensures great experience in using these rehabilitation methods. The Center counts 24 beds for surgical inpatients mainly operated by hip and knee arthroplasty and fractures. In addition the Center for Sports Rehabilitation medical staff takes care of about 600 patients operated by ligament reconstruction and repair immediately after surgery just before hospital’s discharge.
Doctors from the Rehabilitation Unit of the Galeazzi Institute are the providers of choice in sports rehabilitation to the Italian Winter Sports Federation, The Italian Rugby Federation, the Italian Volleyball Federation, the A.C. Milan Soccer club, the Italian Ice Sports Federation and the Italian Motorboating Federeation .
The total number of patients treated at the Rehabilitation Medicine I is very close to 3.200 per year. Medical Staff of the Rehabilitation Unit is fully involved in office activity for the treatment of outpatiens. The number of outpatients seen as outpatients per year is approximately 3500.
The Rehabilitation Unit is strictly connected with the Motion Analysis Laboratory and the Extracorporeal Shock Wave Outpatients Center. At the Shock Wave Center about 5000 patients are treated every year.
The Unit counts on 26 physical therapists, 3 Head Nurses, 54 Nurses.
Technology & Research
The most modern technologies for assessment and care are used at the Rehabilitation Unit. Physicians and physical therapists use tele-assisted virtual reality technology to treat post-surgery musculoskeletal disorders in selected patients. The motion analysis laboratory provides the scientific support for the functional evaluation of the patient. At the center attend for training periods medical students, residents in physical medicine and rehabilitation and in sports medicine and physical therapy students from the University of Milan and Catania.
A consistent scientific production is produced every year.
The rehabilitation Unit can count on 9 physiatrists and several physiotherapists
The Joint Replacement Department (JRD) and its Director Dr. Sergio Romagnoli are renowned for the diagnosis and treatment of knee and hip degenerative diseases. The JRD is a highly specialized center for lower limb replacement. Here, top orthopedic surgeons perform approximately 1200 knee and hip replacements each year. The JRD is the first center in Italy for knee replacement surgery, with an average of 800 knee replacements each year. It is the leading center in Italy and one of the most experienced in Europe for knee replacement with small implants. In fact, Dr Romagnoli was among the earliest designers of prosthetic implants for the knee, both unicompartimental than total ones. In the JRD, surgeons continue to improve upon surgical techniques, in particular mininvasive ones, and implant technology. The center has created a comprehensive approach to hip and knee degenerative disease – from diagnosis and treatment to fast track rehabilitation and recovery- to offer patients the opportunity to return to normal function and long-term success of the prosthetic joint. Moreover, the JRD was the first center in Italy to develop simultaneous replacement of both knee joints, both hip joints or simultaneous hip and knee replacement; now it is the leading center in Europe for this kind of surgeries with an average of 100 simultaneous hip and/or knee replacements each year.
The main pathologies treated in the JRD are:
- Degenerative pathologies of the knee:
- Idiopathic Osteoarthritis
- Post-traumatic osteoarthritis
- Rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory arthritis
- Failed knee prosthesis
- Infected knee prosthesis
- Degenerative pathologies of the hip:
- Idiopathic osteoarthritis
- Osteoarthritis secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip, Perthes disease, slipped capital ephiphisis
- Osteonecrosis of the femoral head
- Rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory arthritis
- Femoro-acetabular Impingement
- Failed hip prosthesis
- Infected hip prosthesis
- Ligament pathologies of the knee
- Meniscal pathologies
- Cartilage pathologies of the knee
- Patellar instability
The team is highly specialized in minimally invasive replacement surgery, which means not only small incisions but also preservation of the soft tissues (muscles, tendons, ligaments) of the joints. This approach permits a faster recovery and a better function of the replaced joint. The leading belief of the team is to preserve as much as possible the healthy part of the joint to be replaced. The use of small implants, with all their combinations, is more and more utilized in our department, which is become one of the leading centers in Europe for partial knee replacement.
The main surgeries performed in the JRD are:
- Minimally invasive replacement surgery of the knee:
- Medial or lateral unicompartimental knee replacement
- Patellofemoral replacement
- Bi-unicompartimental knee replacement
- Unicompartimental knee replacement with simultaneous anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
- Tricompartimental knee replacement with retained ACL and PCL
- PCL- retaining total knee replacement
- Revision of partial and total knee replacement
- Revision of septic partial and total knee replacement
- Arthroscopic treatment of meniscus pathologies
- Arthroscopic treatment of cartilage pathologies of the knee
- Arthroscopic ACL and PCL reconstruction
- Minimally invasive replacement surgery of the hip:
- Resurfacing hip prosthetis
- Femoral neck preserving hip prosthesis
- Conventional hip prosthesis
- Revision of hip replacement
- Revision of septic hip replacement
Moreover, the center is experienced in performing these surgeries even simultaneously: bilateral hip replacement, bilateral knee replacement, simultaneous hip and knee replacement.
All the patients are submitted to the fast-track rehabilitation program. After joint replacement surgery, the patient starts to walk after 1-2 days. The average stay in the surgical ward is 3 days.
Technology & Research
In 2001 Dr Romagnoli, with the participation of the The Biomotion Foundation of California (USA) developed a study about gait analysis in patients receiving partial and total knee replacement. Nowadays, the Joint Replacement Department has a Laboratory for Movement Analysis in which the patients performed a preoperative and postoperative gait analysis to evaluate any changes in gait pattern after hip or knee replacement. This study permits to better understand the kinematic of a prosthetic joint and permits to continuously improve surgical techniques and develop new prosthesis.
The team currently utilizes an intraoperative surgical guidance (Zimmer iASSIST Knee) to improve the accuracy and the alignment of total knee replacement surgery. This device uses the latest guidance technologies and a palm-size electronic display to help the surgeon in achieving reproducible accuracy and alignment in total knee replacement. The Zimmer iASSIST Knee is engineered to help the surgeon in precisely aligning knee implants to each patient’s unique anatomy, providing a personalized fit and a truly tailored total knee replacement. The surgeon can validate bony cuts intraoperatively and reach a greater level of accuracy. These advantages are obtained without complex imaging equipment, additional surgical incisions or external pin fixation. This device is currently utilized with every Zimmer’s primary knee implants: NexGen and Persona.
The clinical and surgical activity of the Hip Unit cover different fields of the orthopaedic surgery (knee arthroplasty, knee and shoulder arthroscopy, foot and minor hand surgery, trauma), but is mainly focused on the care of all hip conditions including hip preserving surgery, hip arthroscopy and the treatment of pediatric and adolescent hip deformities (Perthes disease, DDH, SCFE) . Hip artroplasty activity is around 70% of our yearly caseload (more than 300 cases) , including complex cases of primary (post DDH, post traumatic injuries or other deformities) or revision (25% of all the surgeries). The team of doctors runs different outpatient clinics dedicated to painful or failed THA, to painful hip in the young adults and all the disorders related to the hip.
Special skills of the group are diagnosis and treatment of failed THA due to wear, to breakage of the materials, to loosening of the implant and different techniques in case of primary implant. We are able to employ all the different techniques of hip replacement (cemented or cementless, tissue sparing different surgical approaches, ceramic or cross-link polyethylene, modular implants or not, different head sizes) depending on age, level of activity, bone shape and bone quality, in order to suit the best implant for each patient. In case or revision modern surgical techniques with bone stock restoring and special modular implants are used. Short stems are used when the appropriate indication are present.
Fast track rehabilitation is one if the aims of the group and patients in good general conditions are discharged directly at home a few days after the operation
Technology & research
Perfect surgical technique control of leg length discrepancy is performed with special tools. All the surgeries are previously studied by the means of the computer in order to have a correct pre-operative planning for each patient. Different types of tribology have been used (ceramic on ceramic, ceramic on cross link polyethylene). Dual mobility cups of modern generation are employed in patients at risk of dislocation and in complex revisions. Impaction grafting techniques are used both in acetabular and femoral side to restore the bone of the patient in case of revision. We were the first surgeons that started implanting 36 mm ceramic heads in titanium cups more than 14 years ago. An international multicentre study on a new type of bone preserving short stem is going on.
The Hip Department is very well recognized all over Italy and abroad as a centre of excellence for the treatment of hip pathologies and research
The Hip Department of Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi is composed by 9 orthopaedic surgeons including 2 residents. Many fellows from different countries have regularly the attended Unit in the last years.
The Spinal Surgery Department in Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan (Italy) is directed by professor Claudio Lamartina and dr. Roberto Bassani, two leading personalities in the field of spinal surgery. This Department treats surgically more than four hundred spinal cases per year, being an excellence in the Italian and international panorama for the high rates of complex spinal surgeries including osteotomies. Furthermore, the Spinal Surgery Division is a reference center for International Fellowships of AOSpine, the leading community of spinal surgeons worldwide. Professor Lamartina is the chairman of European board of AOSpine, Deputy Editor of European Spine Journal and Director of Spinal Research Program in Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan. Dr. Bassani is worldwide recognized as an expert surgeon of anterior approaches to the spine. Dr. Sinigaglia, dr. Casero, dr. Cecchinato and dr. Mancini are the four orthopedic spine surgeons that work with the two leaders of the Unit. A mentorship program is active in this Department for national and international surgeons, both ortho and neuro.
The Spinal Surgery Department treats more than four hundred patients per year, with a wide spectrum of spinal diseases. It is a reference center for the treatment of spinal pathologies as “de novo” scoliosis, sagittal imbalance, lumbar discopathies, degenerative and isthmic spondylolisthesis. The spinal pathologies are treated with innovative and minimally invasive techniques, also applying traditional surgical techniques. The following are the most frequent disease surgically managed in the Department:
- Disc herniation (cervical, thoracic, lumbosacral)
- Degenerative disc disease (cervical, thoracic, lumbosacral)
- Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
- Congenital spine deformities
- Spondylolisthesis isthmic
- Spondylolisthesis degenerative
- Thoracic kyphosis (Scheuermann’s disease)
- Adult scoliosis
- Coronal and sagittal imbalance
- Spinal infections
- Spinal fractures
- Spinal revision surgeries
The techniques applied in the treatment of these pathologies are the following:
- Posterior or posterolateral fusion with laminar hooks, pedicle screws, sublaminar bands, cervical lateral masses screws, laminar screws
- Anterior cervical intersomatic fusion
- Thoracotomy, thoracoscopy
- Anterior lumbar intersomatic fusion (ALIF)
- Extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF)
- Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF)
- Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF)
- Osteotomies as pedicle subtraction osteotomy, Smith Petersen osteotomy, Ponte osteotomy, corpectomy (cervical, thoracic, lumbar).
- Anterior Column Release (ACR)
The Spinal Unit at the Galeazzi Orthopedic Institute is made up of eight consultant spinal surgeons and three resident spinal surgeons.
The Shoulder Unit at the Istituto ortopedico Galeazzi was established as a specialist shoulder clinic in 2000 and is dedicated to the diagnosis, treatment and research of injuries and musculoskeletal conditions affecting the shoulder.
The Shoulder Unit treats all shoulder problems, including sports injuries, complex or revision procedures and conditions associated with aging.
Our team has close links with many national and regional sporting organisations and performing arts companies. We treat elite athletes from sports including tennis, Olympic and Paralympic athletics, football, rugby and motocross.
Led by one of the Italian’s and Europeans top orthopaedic surgeons (Prof. Ettore Taverna), the Shoulder Unit can provide consultations, specialist imaging, physiotherapy and state of the art surgical facilities under one roof at Istituto ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan.
The Shoulder Unit is fully equipped to surgically and conservatively manage shoulder disorders utilising the latest techniques and state of the art technology.
Our Unit treats surgically about 800 shoulders each year. The main conditions treated are rotator cuff injuries, shoulder instability and gleno-humeral arthritis.
Repairable rotator cuff injuries (about 400 cases each year) are always treated by surgical arthroscopy with arthroscopic titanium anchors, transosseous fixation, biological suture anchors or biological patches.
Depending on the type of lesion we treat shoulder instability by arthroscopy or open surgery.
Arthroscopic surgery is performed in about 200 cases each year using titanium (or biological) suture anchors or bone block procedures (harvesting antero superior iliac spine or tricortical donor graft). Latarjet procedure is performed by arthroscopic assistance using a special drill guide and button fixation (about 70 each year).
Gleno-humeral arthritis and irrepairable massive rotator cuff lesions are treated by inverse protesis (about 50 each year, getting more frequent year by year).
Other common clinical conditions treated by surgical arthroscopy are frozen shoulder, acromion-clavicular pathology, subacromial impingenment etc..
Technology and research
Arthroscopic bone block surgery and arthroscopically assisted Latarjet are performed with a special drill guide designed by Prof. Taverna in collaboration with Smith and Nephew.
The latest pubblications and releated research activity concern mainly shoulder instability, in particular arthroscopic bone block and arthroscopically assisted Latarjet.
The Trauma Surgery Unit of the Galeazzi Orthopedic Institute is linked with the hospital’s ER Department. The Unit consists of 27 beds for acute care, 8 counsultant surgeons and 3 residents. Every year it performs approximately 1,400 operations, of which 800 Major surgery, 400 Intermediate surgery, and 200 Minor (outpatient).
The Unit is also a teaching center for the University of Milan Medical School (Specialty School in Orthopedics and Traumatology).
Major surgeries performed every year
- 160 femoral fractures treated with osteosynthesis
- 140 femoral fractures treated with prosthetic replacement
- 150 humerus fractures treated with osteosynthesis
- 60 prosthetic shoulder fractures or post-traumatic
- 70 THR
- 50 TKR
Every four months the department organises refresher and update courses for advanced surgeons on techniques for the use in side direct approach to proximal humerus with insulation beam circumflex nerve.
Additionally 2 cadaver-lab updates to improve advanced surgical techniques for injury of the upper limb.
The Unit is a Centre of excellence for the treatment of humeral fractures and for pseudoarthrosis and for the treatment of of post-fracture conditions.
Technology and Research
The Trauma Unit performs clinical and computer aided evaluation of surgical treatment in proximal humerus fractures using osteosynthesis angular stable plates or prosthetic replacement.
The Unit also has significant experience in osteosynthesis systems (Axsos and Variax with special attention for fractures of humerus, wrist and collarbone).
The Trauma Surgery and Emergency Department has 9 consultant surgeons and three resident surgeons. The Senior Surgeons are Professor Riccardo Accetta, and Doctors Davide Gaietta, Francesco Mapelli Mozzi and Sergio Memoria. Each of them has at least two decades of experience in trauma surgery.
Ankle and Foot surgery
Our Ankle and Foot Unit has its the main focus on ankle arthritis and deformity treatment. The Ankle and Foot team combines the European and American knowledge in ankle replacement using the modern mobile bearing (European principle) and the modern resurfacing (American principle). A further area of focus is minimally invasive Forefoot surgery .
Most frequently treated conditions are forefoot problems: bunion, mallet toe. Our patients in Italy have extremely high expectations. They all want to come back to fashion shoes and they want to do it fast. These are some of the reasons that push us toward minimal-invasive surgery and to find a way to apply this method in a reliable and scientifical way.
Our main expertise is ankle arthritis treatment. In the most recent years we developed an outstanding experience in ankle replacement procedures. We are the leading group in Italy in this procedure and we are invited to share our experience during the most important international meeting in this field.
Our senior member is the incoming President of the Italian Foot and Ankle Society and our junior member is international consultant of the major ankle replacement producer companies (Zimmer and Hintegra). Furthermore we are one of the training center in Europe for both Hintegra and Zimmer companies.
Technology and research
We have been the first user in Europe for TM Zimmer Ankle. This is a new ankle very close to a new concept of ankle resurfacing. A lateral approach is required for the very first time in ankle replacement. This allows a direct vision on the center of rotation of the new joint. Furthermore a metal back in trabecular metal provide a new and better fixation and osteointegration.
We are also involved in new procedures for bone defect ankle arthritis. We have an important experience with the use of femoral head bone, but we are now developing a new concept of Trabecular Metal Spacer. A new material identified by our body as bone. This allow a better and important osteointegration.
Our scientific project involved also biology research with the use of PRP and stem cell for tendinopathy and with the use of new membrane; arthroscopically applied, call AMIC. This is a new treatment for osteocondral lesion in the ankle and promise to be a change life quality surgery.
Center of Reconstructive Surgery and Osteoarticular Infection
The Center of Reconstructive Surgery and Osteoarticular Infection (C.R.I.O.) is one of the very few surgical centers in the world specialized in diagnosis and treatment of bone and joint infections, with a particular focus on peri-prosthetic and implant-related infections; – This highly specialized surgery requires well trained team and experienced personnel, since bone and implant-related infections are among the most challenging conditions in orthopedic and trauma surgery; – With more than 400 patients operated each year and more than 1000 others followed as outpatients annually, C.R.I.O. is currently by far the no. 1 provider of surgery for bone and joint infections in Italy and one of the largest in Europe; – C.R.I.O. also acts as a teaching facility for the University of Milan for all concerns bone and joint infection management and it also hosts every year fellows from all over the world, within educational programs of the European Bone and Joint Infection Society; – C.R.I.O.’s impact factor is since many years ranked among the first three within the Galeazzi Research Institute (Galeazzi is one of the only two research Institutes for orthopedics appointed by the Italian Ministery of Research); – C.R.I.O. also has been granted in the last five years by the European Community, the Italian Ministry of Health and Lombard Region for several research projects all focused on new technologies and innovations in bone and joint infections and in biofilm- and implant-related infections. Clinical – C.R.I.O. is specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of: o Peri-prosthetic joint infections (hip, knee, shoulder, etc.); o Primary and reviision surgery in high risk patients; o Infected osteosynthesis; o Septic and aseptic non-unions; o Osteomyelitis and bone infections; o Septic arthritis; o Management of surgical site infections.
Technology & Research
- Antibacterial coatings of implants
- New diagnostic tools for biofilm- and implant-related infections
- Development of Apps for smartphones for help diagnose infections
- Telethermography and its application in the field of infections
- Antibacterial bioglass
- Antibiotic carriers
The Department for hand surgery of the Galeazzi institute is devoted to advanced care of the hand and treats both muskulo-skeletal conditions and nerve conditions with minimally invasive surgical techniques.
Last year the hand surgery department has operated 616 case, mostly with brief admissions or outpatient surgery. The caseload was represented mostly by..
- Pathology: Dupuytren desease – Reumathoid Arthritis-compartimental neurovascular conditions-plastic hand surgery-tumours-congenital malformation
- Trauma: bone fractures – joint and ligament damages-nerve and vessel interruptions. Majority of fractures are treated in closed field with intraoperatory Xray control
- Treatment of nerve gaps with graft and growing factors
GROUPPO SAN DONATO
The Galeazzi Orthopedic Institute belongs to Gruppo San Donato (GSD University & Research Hospitals). This is by far Italy’s leading private hospital group, and with 18 hospitals and over five thousand beds (5300) it is one of the largest hospital group in Europe. It provides health services for secondary, tertiary and quaternary care in all specialties for the Italian National Health System and in particular for the Region of Lombardy (richest region in Italy and second most rich in Europe, with a total population of 9 million people), which acts as main payor and source of accreditation through strict quality assurance.
The Italian National Health System is widely recognized as one of the world the world-stem is widely recIt ranked second globally in the WHO’s last ranking performed in 2000, for Quality, Accessibility and Cost-effectiveness; and it was ranked third most efficient globally by Bloomberg in 2014 after Singapore and Hong Kong. The Italian National Health System delivers free, universal and sustainable healthcare to a population of 60 million people, while having the worldn people, while ion ofth System delivers free, universal and an among large nations).
Gruppo Ospedaliero San Donato is the prime private contractor for healthcare in Italy, and specifically in the Region of Lombardy, the Italian region with the most financially solid and highest quality Regional Healthcare.
In 2014 GSD delivered high-quality health services in the form of acute admissions, rehabilitations, outpatient services, emergency room attendances and births to over 4 million different individuals. Gruppo San Donato owns and operates 18 hospitals in Italy.